Anorexia nervosa is a psychiatric disorder in which the sufferer has an obsession to have a thin body and is very afraid of having a fat body or looking fat. Even though his body is thin, the person always thinks that his body is still not thin or fat. Generally, anorexia nervosa attacks more women than men. Apart from anorexia nervosa, there are other eating disorders, namely bulimia.
Although both eating disorders, but these two psychiatric disorders have differences. The difference between anorexia nervosa and bulimia nervosa can be seen from the weight and behavior caused. Bulimia psychiatric disorders generally have a normal weight because people with bulimia have an obsession with overeating, then spit out the food, while people with anorexia generally have a weight below average and have an obsession for thinness. Anorexia can be very dangerous because it will cause malnutrition in the body of the sufferer, if not given help.
Symptoms of anorexia include physical and emotional symptoms. In addition, symptoms of this disease can also be seen from the behavior exhibited by sufferers.
- Excessive weight loss.
- Look thin and not ideal weight.
- Loss of sexual desire.
- Disorders of the heart organ, such as palpitations.
- Low blood pressure.
- Kidney failure.
- Dry skin on hands and feet due to lack of blood flow.
- Easily tired, even unconscious without cause.
- Tooth easily damaged.
- Smooth hair appears on the face and other body parts.
- Can’t stand the cold.
- Thinning hair and easily fall out.
- Constipation or stomach ache.
- Swelling in the arms and legs.
- Menstrual disorders.
- Bluish fingers and toes.
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- Feel inferior.
- Easily anxious and depressed.
- Fear of weight gain.
- Too thinking about body shape and weight.
- Feel fat even though you are underweight.
- Concentration ability decreases.
- Easily angry at mealtime.
- Excessive in running a diet and maintaining weight.
Symptoms of behavior
- Excess in the diet, such as counting the number of calories.
- Feeling eating a lot even if you only eat in small portions.
- Hiding food.
- Abuse of slimming drugs, diuretics, and laxatives.
- Often look in the mirror to see the shape of the body.
- Lying by saying you’ve eaten even though you haven’t.
- Withdraw from the social environment.
- Excessive physical exercise, and stress when unable to do it.
- Self-harm, even to attempted suicide.
- Frequently weighing.
- Do not want to eat in public.
Prevention of Anorexia Nervosa
There is no specific prevention that can be done against anorexia.